Have (got)

HAVE (got)

'Have' est considéré comme un auxiliaire (attention, pas forcément aux US). Par conséquent, 'have' n'a pas toujours besoin de l'auxiliaire 'do' pour contruire les négations et interrogations.

Remarque : l'expression 'have got' signifie 'avoir' dans le sens 'posséder'.


I. Construction des phrases

A. Phrases affirmatives

Construction : Sujet + have (conjugué) + (got) + compléments.

Exemple : I have got a cat.

B. Phrases négatives

Construction : Sujet + haven't (conjugué) + (got) + compléments.

Exemple : I haven't got a bike.

C. Phrases interrogatives

Construction : (Mot interrogatif) + have (conjugué) + (got) + compléments + ?

Exemple : Have you got a brother ?

 

II. 'Have' au présent

A. Présent simple

          I have                    we have

          you have                you have

          he/she/it has         they have

B. Présent be+V-ing (présent continu/progressif)

         I am having                    we are having

          you are having               you are having

          he/she/it is having        they are having


III. 'Have' au passé

A. Prétérit

          I had                    we had

          you had                you had

          he/she/it had       they had

B. Present perfect

          I have had                    we have had

          you have had                you have had

          he/she/it have had       thay have had

C. Passé continu

          I was having                    we were having

          you were having               you were having

          he/she/it was having       they were having

D. Plu perfect

          I had had                    we had had

          you had had                you had had

          he/she/it had had       they had had

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