Be (=être)

BE (=être)

'Be' est considéré comme un auxiliaire. Par conséquent, 'be' n'a pas besoin de l'auxiliaire 'do' pour la construction des phrases négatives et interrogatives.

I. Construction des phrases

A. Phrases affirmatives

Construction : Sujet + 'be' (conjugué) + compléments.

Exemple : I am French.

B. Phrases négatives

Construction : Sujet + 'be' (conjugué) + négation + compléments.

Exemple : He is not from France.

C. Phrases interrogatives

Construction : (Mot interrogatif) + 'be' (conjugué) + sujet + compléments + ?

Exemples : Are you French ? / How are you ?

 

II. 'Be' au présent

A. Présent simple

          I am                    we are

          you are                you are

        he/she/it  is          they are

B. Présent be + V-ing (présent continu / progressif)

          I am being                    we are being

          you are being                you are being

          he/she/it is being         they are being

 

III . 'Be' au passé

A. Prétérit

          I was                    we were

          you were               you were

          he/she/it was       they were

B. Present perfect

          I have been                    we have been

          you have been                you have been

          he/she/it has been         they have been

C. Passé continu

          I was being                    we were being

          you were being               you were being

          he/she/it was being       they were being

D. Plu perfect

          I had been                    we had been

          you had been                you had been

          he/she/it had been       they had been

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